List of 10 Biggest Death Penalty Pros and Cons
Death penalty, also referred to as capital punishment is a legal course of where the state sends a death row inmate to execution as a punishment for a grave offense committed. Although not all crimes are punishable by death, there are strong opinions shared by both pro-death penalty and anti-death penalty supporters.
In some nations, it’s still practiced while in the US, it has been abolished in some s and still observed in several states. Whether or not it should be carried out or not has been a long standing argument between the 2 parties.
Below are the Pros and cons
List of Pros of Death Penalty
1. Death penalty costs the government much less versus life imprisonment with out parole.
Proponents say regardless of expenses incurred by the government from imposing capital punishment, “death penalty” continues to be cheaper in comparison with the costs of life with out parole. Though there is no contention that the cost of the former is high, life imprisonment is accumulatively higher given the expenses for food, health care & other costs of sustaining the lives of incarcerated people serving life.
2. It deters would-be criminals to commit felonies.
Advocates of death penalty cite examples on how imposing the death sentence or abolishing it have affected crime rate. Based on a study carried out in the late 1960’s, there was a 7% crime rate increase on the years when this legislation was abolished. Then again, fewer crimes had been committed with the increase in number of inmates in the dying row who were executed every year. Proponents say that these figures clearly point out the efficacy of capital punishment on deterring crimes.
3. The absence of death penalty is synonymous to crime rate increase.
As reported by time magazine, an estimated 2,000,000 individuals in the US have been victims of crimes, from assault to murder. With insufficient legal guidelines to address this problem or the lack of tooth in these laws, criminals change into careless and bolder to commit heinous crimes due to the leniency in punishments and loop holes within the justice system. For these reason, there’s a need for death penalty.
4. It’s constitutional and doesn’t violate the Eight Amendment which prohibits the federal authorities from imposing excessive bail, fines and merciless and unusual punishments, including torture.
Advocates of death penalty say that the pain associated with the execution of a death row inmate isn’t improbable. Even the U.S. Supreme Court has rejected the Eight Amendment challenge which acknowledged that the drug used to render the criminal coma-like unconscious before injecting the deadly drug isn’t capable to take action fully. The Supreme Court was firm on its stand that any technique of execution undoubtedly will inflict some pain and states with capital punishment have already adopted more humane methods to carry out executions.
5. Death penalty is just punishment for crimes committed against the rights to life, freedom and security of victims.
It’s the right of a person to live peacefully and be free from harm. Sadly, crimes like murder, rape and assault are committed by perpetrators who don’t have any regard for life and property of others. Since they violate other individuals’s lives, it’s however fair that they’re brought to justice and suffer the fate they rightfully deserve. People who find themselves for capital punishment also discuss free will wherein a person is given the right to do things in his or her personal volition and she or he is responsible for his or her own fate.
List of Cons of Death Penalty
1. Innocent people are wrongly executed.
One of many arguments of opponents of death penalty is the inevitability of sending innocent people who find themselves wrongly accused to death row and ultimately execution. The sad factor about this, according to those who are opposed is that innocence is confirmed after the execution has been carried out.
2. In relation to free will, some criminals are suffering from mental sickness or are having clouded judgment at the time of the crime.
Opponents contend that there are situations where people commit pre-meditated crimes and are aware of what they’re doing. However, it doesn’t low cost the fact that crimes may also be committed out of passion or extreme anger triggered by a situation which makes an offender act on impulse. There are also those who are affected by mental illnesses and usually are not taking remedy which can lead to them committing offenses they don’t have any control of.
3. It’s an added cost to the government and taxpayers’ money.
With the argument that life imprisonment with no parole is costlier, opponents say that basically, the federal government spends extra taxpayers’ money in dealing with circumstances of death row inmates. This is because of the length and complexity of trials, the number or defenders to be employed and the overall course of. They contend that there are two trials the state will spend for. One is for the decision and one other for the sentencing, not including the number of appeals that will probably be submitted while maintaining the convicted prisoner inside maximum security.
4. Death penalty is a form of revenge.
Whereas proponents say that imposing capital punishment is a type of retribution, that’s, to punish who has committed a crime, opponents argue that it’s revenge. For the latter, to avenge a crime committed to a different individual could also be understandable however killing somebody for murdering one other individual is also unconstitutional. It’s crime in itself that’s only masked by the term capital punishment and in fact, only continues the series of violence.
5. It’s a platform that’s anti-poor and discriminatory.
Those that are death row inmates and sentenced to death are largely based mostly on racial discrimination as evidenced by a high percentage of inmates being African-American and members of the minority. Furthermore, accused people who’re poor are largely those who get the death penalty given that they lack the finances to seek for excellent and powerful defense attorneys. They don’t have the money to pay for good defense.
With the disparate views pointed out by proponents and opponents of death penalty, deciding on which group was able to prove a more logical perspective on the problem can be challenging. Legislators should think about all the problems presented by the general public and listen to what they must say. In a nutshell, they should let the voice of the individuals be heard.
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